Stepwise practice of breathing and its awareness with respect to space, time, and count can allow a mindfulness exercise to mature into a steady meditation practice. Such a breathing practice yields a control of subtle movement and subsequent pause of the vital energy, better known as pranayama by the Yogasutra literature. When this mindful breath of prāṇāyāma is mastered, mind regains the ability to be one-pointed and meditation takes hold. Such a spontaneous oncoming of a meditation practice is said to be neutral as in quintessential yoga free from ideology and beliefs. This approach requires no preconditions and is very suitable for beginners but is amenable for regular practitioners alike.
The teachings and the practice are based on Patanjali Yogasutra teaching of Chapter 2, sutra 50. There are three considerations, based on space, time and number. Practice based on time and number are introduced after the breath is observed properly, repeatedly with respect to space. Once each practice consideration – based on breath felt in space, measured in time, and counted in increasing numbers – is well practiced, then all three considerations are combined. When this combined practice takes hold, mindfulness is said to directly mature into an effortless meditation practice that is free from distraction. Moreover pranayama breathing technique is learnt correctly.